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Geography


The Republic of Ghana is a West African state, its south coast washed by the Gulf of Guinea (in the Atlantic Ocean). It has a surface area of 239,000 square kilometres.

Ghana is lacking in notable relief features. The southern part of the country is made up of numerous pastures, groves, swamps and lagoons. To the north of this there stretches a dense tropical forest.

The northern part of the country consists of a plateau which rises to a height of 800 metres. This is a region of savannah, where a few hills are found.

The country’s main river is the Volta, which has given rise to the biggest artificial lake in the world as a result of the construction of the barrage at Akosombo.

Ghana is surrounded by three French-speaking countries: Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) in the west, Burkina Faso in the north and Togo in the east.

 

Climate

Taken all in all, the climate is tropical. The amount of rainfall varies from one season and from one region to another. From March to July, the blazing heat of the Sahara propels masses of humid air into movement, ushering in the season of the great rains in May and June. A short dry season follows in the period from July to August. It rains intermittently from September to November. In December and January the harmattan, a dry wind carrying dust, brings a little coolness. The northern part of the country has just one rainy season, lasting from April to October. The mean temperature oscillates between 21° C and 38° C in the north; in the south it varies between 21° C and 35° C in the dry season, and between 21° C and 26° C in the rainy season.