français      contact
You are here:  fathershome > Ghana > History
   
Akwaaba
Présentation
Vision and Mission
Achievements
The children
Ghana
History
Population
Geography
Takoradi
Newsletters
Get involved
Contact
   
History

Ghana is situated in the centre of a region that has a traditional culture of metalwork, mining, sculpture and agriculture, going right back to the first millennium BC. Modern Ghana owes its name to the ancient empire of Ghana, the centre of which was situated 800 kilometres to the north of the town of Accra, and which continued to flourish into the sixteenth century. The Portuguese called it “El Mina” (the goldmine), then the English named it the Gold Coast (Côte d’Or), a name that stayed with it until 6 March 1957, when Ghana achieved independence.

On 1 July 1960, Ghana was proclaimed a republic and the head of government, Kwame Nkrumah, was elected President.

A succession of civil and military governments followed. Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings achieved power as the result of a coup d’état, and was elected President of the Fourth Republic following elections in 1992. He was re-elected in 1996. Since the election of John Agyegoum Kufuor in 2000 and 2004, Ghana has been one of best functioning democracies in Africa.